Hunting is a great sport for the average outdoorsman. In just about any hunting trip, you’re going to carry your provisions behind your SUV pickup and carry your firearms or hunting bows into the woods. However, there are other things that a professional hunter would never forget during a hunting trip – their hunting knife as well as the skinning knife.
Once a hunter manages to get a kill, it’s essential that they know how to field dress the game and quarter it before hauling it back to the truck. In order to do that, a hunter should master the necessary skill of skinning their kill. Let’s analyze the methods and the tools you’re going to need if you’re looking to field dress your kill and skin it in a short amount of time.
How to Choose a Great Skinning Knife
If you’ve decided that you’ll skin an animal next time you’ll go hunting, it’s time to go shopping! Get to your nearest store and look for a top-class skinning knife. Among the broad range of skinning knives, choosing the best one for you is a challenging task. But these tips could certainly assist you!
- You should ensure that the knife is extremely sharp, durable and strong.
- Maintaining the grip is important while skinning an animal and to make sure that your grip is strong, the knife handle should be made of rubber. So, if you end up hunting in rain and your hands are wet, you’d still be able to skin the animal.
- Make sure the handle has a bright hue so that if it’s lost you can easily find it again in the field.
- The shape of the knife handle matters, especially for your comfort. If the skinning knife comes with an integral sub hilt, your hand can be firmly secured with the knife. Choose a shape that gives you a comfortable grip.
- Having a sheath would be helpful, especially if you’re carrying the knife around. It would also protect the knife from getting wet in case it rains.
One of the most interesting hunting knife types is the caping knife. They are used to skin the heads and neck portions of the game to make hunting trophies. These knives are used so the skinning can be done without damaging the delicate portions, such as eyes and head, aside from preserving the 3D structure of the animal. Caping knives have blades which resemble the scalpels used by surgeons, making them extremely sharp and precise. They’re also highly flexible. So if you have skinned the animal but want to preserve the head as a way of remembering your hunting times, you can definitely opt for caping.
How to Field Dress An Animal
Although the actual process of skinning is almost the same for all animals, the type of skinning knife used depends on the type of animal hunted. For example, deer, squirrels and rabbits have freely attached skin while pigs have firmly attached skin. Of course, animals with freely attached skin are much easier to skin.
Skinning animals with freely attached skin: To skin a squirrel or a deer, you can easily take hold of the edge of the animal skin and pull it off from the carcass. To do so all you need is the tip of a skinning knife in this case. The blade design should be drop point or clip point. When pulling the skin, you’ll see thin membranes between the skin and muscles. Cut them with the tip of the knife.
Skinning animals with firmly attached skin: To skin animals such as wild boar that have firmly attached skin, you’ll need some experience and patience. The skin has to be separated from the carcass, but the thick fatty layer in between would interfere a lot. For these situations, it’s best to use a skinning knife that has a trailing point design. These skinning knives have bigger cutting edges that would allow deeper penetration and easier cutting.
For larger animals with coarse hair, you’ll need two types of skinning knives, a folding knife as well as a fixed blade knife. The hair could make the knife blade dull easily. Use the folding knife initially to make cuts across the legs, neck and abdomen. Then use the fixed blade to slowly separate the skin from the body. If you don’t have these two types of knives, just use one skinning knife and sharpen it whenever it gets dull in terms of sharpness. You should take whetstones with you for sharpening. A general rule of thumb is to use a short blade for small animals, medium sized blade for medium sized game, and large blades for larger animals.
A General Guide to Skinning an Animal
Depending on the animal, you might need to use more than one type of knife. But the general method of cutting is actually the same in case of all animals, whether small or big. Here’s how you follow the skinning process:
Place the animal, with its belly facing upwards. Use your skinning knife to make an incision from the front legs till the anus. Do not cut through the membrane which encloses the internal organs. Your priority is to separate the skin for now only, so cut shallow.
Open the skin at the abdomen all the way to the neck. Use the skinning knife to cut the animal’s throat and pull out the whole membrane in one piece. Then circle around the anus and cut the area with the skinning knife, removing the membrane entirely. Cut off the udder (if present) and genitals.
Pull the hide back a few inches away so the hair doesn’t come in contact with the meat. Open the chest cavity and then cut the windpipe as close to the head as possible. Free the intestines and bladder. You should be careful. Pinch the urethra and cut the part beyond that point carefully. Don’t end up cutting the bladder, otherwise, urine may be spilled all over the meat. Roll the carcass to drain blood.
Now that the internal organs are gone, make incisions around the edge of every leg and neck. Make more cuts from each leg up to the chest and stomach. A few more cuts need to be made from neck to stomach. Hold near the neck or groin region and then pull the hide away using your skinning knife. You can begin from the head or stomach, it’s your own choice.
A skinning hunting knife is extremely important when you go hunting, and especially if you’re going to stay for a long period of time because you want to field dress and wrap up the quartered animal as soon as possible to reduce the decay rate. And after reading this whole article, you’ll have the know-how of the techniques that’ll help you do just that.
Skinning knives can be used for other recreational purposes as well, such as caping and creating hunting trophies. So, for every hunting trip you make, you can preserve the head of your most coveted game and use the trophies to decorate your home interiors and even show them off to your buddies.